From the Elmhurst University's Student Handbook (p. 4)
The community expectations for academic integrity prohibit the following dishonest academic behaviors:
a. Quoting another person’s actual words
b. Using another person’s idea, opinion or theory
c. Using others’ facts, statistics or other illustrative material—unless the information is common knowledge
Plagiarism consists of “the deliberate adoption or reproduction of ideas or words or statements of another person as one’s own without acknowledgment. (2)” The University subscribes to the statement on plagiarism, which appears on page 9 of William Watt’s An American Rhetoric.
A student must give due credit to the originality of others and honestly pay their literary debts. They should acknowledge indebtedness:
Examples of Plagiarism
a. Direct Quotation
Original Source: “The child’s surroundings, we are told, were devoid of artistic luxury...there was an absence of frivolity and a distaste for all that is paltry and superficial.”
Student Paper: “The surroundings were devoid of artistic luxury and characterized by the absence of frivolity.” (no quotation marks or citation)
Original Source: “The Cambodian incursion of April 1970 brought forth renewed observations from constitutional scholars...that the war making power of Congress has been eroded.”
Student Paper: “The war in Vietnam and more specifically the Cambodian invasion in the Spring of 1970, evoked considerable observation from students, constitutional scholars, public observers of the political process and Congressmen that the war making power of Congress has been eroded.” (no citation; no quotation marks for the last phrase)
c. “Borrowed” Facts or Information
Original Source: “In any of the defined situations, the President may commit the Armed Forces to combat for a period not to exceed thirty days.”
Student Paper: “Except in certain designated emergency situations, the President may send the military into combat only for up to thirty days.” (no citation)
Jennifer really enjoys the art history class she is taking this semester. She spends a lot of time on her final project - a portfolio of works of art that she selects, writes a brief background about the artist, and then describes what she feels about the piece. She is careful to make sure all her information about the artists is correct, and reads several essays on the artists she has chosen. She agrees with most of what the essayists have to say regarding the pieces. She represents some of their thoughts in her project as her own, reasoning that since it is not fact, and instead intangible opinion, and because she agrees with them, then she is not plagiarizing.
Is she right or wrong? Why?
Lee has to write a paper on some of the causes and symptoms of drug abuse for a public health class. He accesses the Web and finds several chat rooms that feature posted questions which are answered by doctors. He uses their answers in his paper, citing just "Internet" as the source. He also finds a site that is put together by the mother of a recovering addict which contains information that she has compiled as a resource for other families in similar circumstances. Steve also uses this information, and since the author of the site does not indicate which books she got the information from, he cites "Internet" again as the source.
Is this sufficient? Is this a form of plagiarism/academic dishonesty? Why or why not?
Last semester Ben took an ecology class and one of the papers he wrote was about the effects of DDT on bald eagles. This semester he is taking a wildlife biology class and realizes that his paper from last semester would work for one of the assignments for this semester, too.
Is it academic dishonesty for Ben to turn the same paper in twice? What is the best thing for Ben to do in this situation?