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CSD 205 Clinical Phonetics: Writing and Citing


APA style was developed by the American Psychological Association. The social sciences often use APA style for documenting sources.

Citing Ebooks in APA format

APA 7th edition states that ebooks retrieved from databases (such as EBSCO ebooks, Credo Reference, Ebook Central, Gale Ebooks, etc.) that do not include DOIs do not require a URL in their citation (APA 7th ed, section 10.21). This also applies when citing a chapter from an ebook (APA 7th ed., section 10.39). 

Avoid Plagiarism

  • Keep careful research notes and keep track of citations and where your information comes from.

  • Copy and paste judiciously.

  • Remember that most of the words you are using should be yours. Quotes from sources should be used to bolster your ideas.

  • If you paraphrase or quote, you need to cite.  Other people's ideas need to be credited as well as their quoted words.


Ask a librarian if you need help finding a citation, or if you are unsure of when to cite.

Go to the writing center or ask your professor for help formatting citations properly.